Camp Delta is a permanent American detainment camp at Guantanamo Bay that replaced the temporary facilities of Camp X-Ray. Its first facilities were built between 27 February and mid-April 2002 by Navy Seabees, Marine Engineers, and workers from Halliburton subsidiary Kellogg, Brown and Root. It is composed of detention camps 1 through 6, Camp Platinum, Camp Iguana, the Guantanamo psychiatric ward, Camp Echo and Camp No. The prisoners, referred to as detainees, have uncertain rights due to their location not on American soil. There are allegations of torture and abuse of prisoners (§ Prisoner torture).
The camps have different amenities and levels of comfort. Detainees are quartered in different parts of Camp Delta according to their level of cooperation with guards and interrogators, with the exception of newly arriving detainees who always go to maximum security in Camp 3. Thereafter, cooperative detainees are moved to Camp 2 and then Camp 1 as rewards for cooperation. When detainees cooperate and are thought to show no security risk they can be moved to the buildings of Camp 4, which have a shower and lavatory, plus four communal living rooms for 10 detainees each. In Camp 4, each detainee has a bed and a locker. Camp 4 detainees may eat their meals together, instead of alone in their own cells as in the other camps, and Camp 4 detainees are set apart by their white jump suits, in contrast to the orange worn by detainees in other camps. In addition to these benefits, detainees are also allowed special meal supplements to their diets, along with longer shower periods and longer exercise periods.
Camp one is one of the camps where the United States held detainees classified as "enemy combatants in extrajudicial detention". Although the camp was reported to have been closed, Human Rights Watch reported in June 2008 that it currently houses non-compliant detainees. At that time they said the camp held 25 detainees in adjacent cells.
Although the camp was closed in 2006, Human Rights Watch reported in June 2008 that it was then used to house half a dozen non-compliant detainees who had to be housed in isolation. The detainees' cells were sufficiently isolated from one another that they could not see one another.
Camp four is the camp that most closely resembles a traditional Prisoner of War camp. Captives held there live in communal dormitories, and have day long access to communal exercise yard, games, and books.
Camp authorities only allow the captives they considered "compliant" to stay in camp four and they are allowed to wear white or tan uniforms which distinguish them from the orange uniforms "non-compliant" captives wear.
According to Commander Jeff Hayhurst, deputy commander of the Guard force, "...the camp opened in 2004, cost $17.5 million. It's modeled on a max security facility in Terre Haute, Indiana." The camp was built by Kellogg, Brown and Root. Hayhurst said that the camp was used to hold the most non-compliant detainees.
Initially the press was told the fourteen "high value detainees" transferred from CIA custody on 5 September 2006 were held in Camp five. But they were in fact held in a small, secret, ultra high security facility – Camp seven.
Camp Five Echo
Camp Five Echo is a "disciplinary block" for "non-compliant" prisoners. Lawyers claim that the cells are too small to be regarded as humane, that the toilets are inadequate, the lights are too bright and the air in the cells is foul. The cells are only half the size of the cells in Camp Five and have squat toilets in the floor instead of standard prison toilets. David Remes described Camp Five Echo in 2011 as violating the Geneva Conventions, and called it "a throwback to the bad old days at Guantánamo."
It was constructed to have individual cells that surrounded and looked in on a communal mess area, where it was planned compliant detainees could interact for part of the day. However, while the building was still under construction, the decision was made to confine all detainees to their cells, except when they were taken to shower, taken for solitary exercise, or for official business. The communal areas were left unused. This transformed the facility to a high-security facility.
Camp Seven, also known as Camp Platinum, is an isolated outpost, strictly off-limits from the Pentagon's media tour. A group of six mostly military lawyers representing prisoners at Camp seven concluded in February 2012 that the conditions at the camp fall short of the minimum guarantees of humane treatment under the Geneva Conventions.
In a 2005 interview, Erik Saar, an Arabic translator, said that Camp Delta prisoners were subjected to sexual interrogation techniques and physically assaulted by "snatch squads"; in one such case, a prisoner's arm was broken. He said that during an initial reaction force training, one U.S. soldier posing as a prisoner was beaten to the point of brain damage. Saar also told that Camp Delta employees deliberately ignored the Geneva Conventions.
In November 2007, WikiLeaks published a leaked document called "Camp Delta Standard Operating Procedures". The 238-page document includes rules for dealing with hunger strikes, as well as instructions on psychologically manipulating prisoners, intimidating them with the use of military dogs, and burying dead Muslim detainees. American Civil Liberties Union lawyer Jamil Dakwar raised concerns over the fact that some detainees were hidden from representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross.
- Administrative Review Board
- Combatant Status Review Tribunal
- Guantanamo military commissions
- Platt Amendment – Document that Guarantees U.S. Navy use in Cuba
- Qur'an desecration controversy of 2005
- Human Rights Watch (June 2008). "The Range of Prison Facilities at Guantanamo". Locked Up Alone: Detention Conditions and Mental Health at Guantanamo. Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 31 May 2009.
- "Locked Up Alone: Detention Conditions and Mental Health at Guantanamo". Human Rights Watch. June 2008. Archived from the original on 21 March 2022. Retrieved 31 May 2009.
-  Archived 26 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- "Bush Offers Congress Plan on Terrorism Tribunals". NPR. 6 September 2006. Retrieved 31 January 2009.
- "Bush acknowledges existence of CIA prisons". CTV News. 7 September 2006. Archived from the original on 20 November 2007. Retrieved 28 September 2008.
- David McFadden, Danica Coto (2 June 2009). "Military: Gitmo detainee dies of apparent suicide". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2 June 2009.
David McFadden, Danica Coto (2 June 2009). "Military: Gitmo detainee dies of apparent suicide". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2 June 2009.
'Salih was being force-fed in a restraint chair; the other six surviving inmates are being force-fed from bed,' Remes said, adding that he didn't think the Yemeni had any legal representation until two lawyers arrived in February. 'They were due to see him for the first time in a couple of weeks,' he said.
- "U.S: Gitmo detainee dies of apparent suicide". NBC News. 2 June 2009.
- "Conditions at Guantánamo Under Scrutiny". Andy Worthington. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- Jonathan Pearlman (28 November 2006). "Hicks's window on the world". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 1 February 2008.
- Andrew Buncombe (30 July 2006). "New maximum-security jail to open at Guantanamo Bay". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 18 February 2009. Retrieved 1 February 2008.
- "Halliburton Gets Gitmo Contract". Fox News. 21 June 2005. Archived from the original on 24 August 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2008.
- Nicki Thomas (30 May 2007). "He is a broken young man". Edmonton Sun. Archived from the original on 2 June 2007. Retrieved 1 February 2008.
- Ben Fox (3 February 2007). "Life Harsher in New Guantanamo Unit". The Washington Post. Retrieved 1 February 2008.
Tim Dirven/Panos Pictures (31 March 2010). "Eyewitness: Screen break at Guantánamo Bay". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 5 April 2010.
Guards stand inside the TV room of camp six at the US naval base in Cuba. Detainees at the maximum security facility wear shackles when they watch television.
- "'Platinum' captives held at off-limits Gitmo camp – Guantánamo Special Coverage". MiamiHerald.com. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- Savage, Charlie (24 February 2012). "Guantánamo Conditions Have Fallen, Military Lawyers Say". The New York Times.
- Harris, Paul (8 May 2005). "Soldier lifts lid on Camp Delta". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
- Singel, Ryan (14 November 2007). "Sensitive Guantánamo Bay Manual Leaked Through Wiki Site". Wired. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
- "US: Leaked Gitmo Manual Out of Date". San Juan, Puerto Rico. Associated Press. 15 November 2007. Archived from the original on 18 November 2007 – via Google News.