Foreign relations of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines maintains close ties to the US, Canada, and the United Kingdom, and cooperates with regional political and economic organizations such as the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and CARICOM. St. Vincent and the Grenadines is a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Organization of American States, and the Association of Caribbean States (ACS). Saint Vincent is also the smallest nation ever to be on the United Nations Security Council.[1]

In May 1997, Prime Minister Mitchell joined 14 other Caribbean leaders and U.S. President Bill Clinton during the first-ever U.S.-regional summit in Bridgetown, Barbados. The summit strengthened the basis for regional cooperation on justice and counternarcotics issues, finance and development, and trade.

Saint Vincent is a transshipment point for South American illicit drugs destined for the US and Europe.

Diplomatic relations[edit]

List of countries which Saint Vincent and the Grenadines has diplomatic relations with:[2]

# Country Date
1  Barbados 27 October 1979
2  Canada 27 October 1979
3  Guyana 27 October 1979[3]
4  United Kingdom 27 October 1979
5  United States 27 October 1979
6  South Korea 28 October 1979
7  Saint Lucia 1979[4]
8  Japan 15 April 1980
9  Brazil 24 May 1980[5]
10  Germany 12 December 1980
11  Belgium 1980
12  Iraq 1980
13  Israel January 1981[6]
14  Colombia 17 March 1981
15  North Korea 3 April 1981
16  Netherlands 8 April 1981
 Taiwan 15 April 1981
17  Belize 21 September 1981
18  Venezuela 29 October 1981
19  Italy 30 October 1982
20  France 5 November 1982[7]
21  Pakistan 1982
22  Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 September 1983[8]
23  Argentina 4 October 1983
24  Uruguay 13 June 1985
25  Denmark 19 September 1985
26  Dominican Republic 26 September 1985
27  Australia 31 January 1986
28  Peru 5 May 1986
29  Spain 12 July 1986
30  Thailand 9 December 1986
31  Morocco 10 August 1988
32  Paraguay 22 June 1989
33  Ecuador 1 August 1989
34  Honduras 2 August 1989
35  Chile 7 September 1989[9]
36  Suriname 10 October 1989[9]
 Holy See 17 April 1990
37  Mexico 31 July 1990
38  Austria 29 October 1990
39  Nicaragua 28 June 1991
40  Sweden 2 April 1992
41  Guatemala 4 May 1992
42  Cuba 26 May 1992
43  Costa Rica June 1992
44  El Salvador 8 June 1992
45  Marshall Islands 28 June 1992
46  Slovenia 11 November 1993
47  Indonesia 30 November 1993
48  Croatia 7 October 1994
49  Portugal 12 April 1995
50  South Africa 1 September 1995
51  Vietnam 18 December 1995
52  Poland 16 May 1996
53  Czech Republic 1996
 Sovereign Military Order of Malta February 1997[10]
54  Greece 13 August 1997[9]
55  Slovakia 9 December 1998[9]
56  Singapore 19 February 1999
57  Philippines 11 October 2000
58  Turkey 4 April 2002
59  Belarus 24 April 2002
60  Russia 17 September 2002[11]
61  North Macedonia 15 May 2003
62  Romania 22 May 2003[9]
63  Azerbaijan 23 May 2003[9]
64  Maldives 27 May 2003
65  Bulgaria 11 September 2003
66  Ethiopia 16 February 2004
67  Iceland 24 May 2004
68  Uganda 27 July 2004
69  Malta 10 December 2004
70  Armenia 17 December 2004[9]
71  Hungary 23 May 2005
72  Libya 2 December 2005
73  Panama 17 July 2006
74  Cyprus 2 August 2006
75  Latvia 25 August 2006
76  Estonia 13 October 2006
77  Lithuania 5 February 2007
78  Algeria 7 February 2007
79  Burkina Faso 20 February 2007
80  Botswana 22 February 2007
81  Liberia 2 May 2007
82  Niger 31 May 2007
83  Mali 11 June 2007
84  Cape Verde 13 June 2007
85  Mauritius 18 June 2007
86  Tunisia 2 July 2007
87  Finland 11 September 2007
88  Luxembourg 26 September 2007
89  Iran 13 July 2008
90  Ghana 1 August 2008
91  Djibouti 7 August 2008
92  Senegal 23 September 2008
93  Comoros 3 October 2008
94  Monaco 12 February 2009
95  United Arab Emirates 20 February 2009
96  Bosnia and Herzegovina 19 March 2009
97  Gambia 2 May 2009
98  Cambodia 12 January 2010
99  Andorra 30 May 2010
100  Georgia 22 June 2010[9]
101  Montenegro 8 November 2010
102  Egypt 16 November 2010
103  Moldova 29 April 2011
104  Solomon Islands 4 May 2011
105  Serbia 26 May 2011
106  Mongolia 13 October 2011
107  Tuvalu 19 September 2012
108  Bahrain 28 September 2012
109  Kazakhstan 21 November 2012
110  Kuwait 8 January 2013[9]
111  Fiji 15 April 2013
112  Sri Lanka 15 April 2013[9]
113  Malaysia 14 November 2013[12]
114  Ireland 10 December 2013[13]
115  New Zealand 14 August 2014[12]
116  Brunei 27 May 2015[9]
 State of Palestine 26 September 2016
117  Qatar 21 March 2017
118  Seychelles 26 May 2017
119    Nepal 27 September 2017
120  Tajikistan 18 December 2017[9]
121  Oman 1 April 2019[9]
122  San Marino 24 September 2019[14]
124  Bolivia 25 September 2019
125  Ukraine 25 September 2019
126  Kyrgyzstan 26 September 2019
127  Namibia 5 December 2019
128  Kenya 12 August 2020[15]
129  Rwanda 9 November 2021[9]
130  Burundi 24 November 2021[16]
131  Ivory Coast 28 January 2022[9]
132  Angola 30 March 2022[17]
133  Uzbekistan 10 May 2022[9]
134  Sierra Leone 12 April 2023[18]
135  Benin 3 October 2023[9]
136  Saudi Arabia 11 October 2023[9]
137  Antigua and Barbuda Unknown
138  Bahamas Unknown
139  Dominica Unknown
140  Grenada Unknown
141  Haiti Unknown
142  India Unknown
143  Jamaica Unknown
144  Liechtenstein Unknown
145   Switzerland Unknown
146  Trinidad and Tobago Unknown

Bilateral relations[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Argentina 1983
 Australia
  • Australia is represented in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines by its High Commission in Trinidad and Tobago.[20]
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
 Belize 1981
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on September 21, 1981.[21]
  • Both countries are members of CARICOM.
 Botswana 2007
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on February 22, 2007.[19]
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
 Canada 1979
 Republic of China (Taiwan) 1981
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1981.[23] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines maintains an embassy in Taipei while Taiwan is represented by its embassy in Kingstown.
 Cuba

St. Vincent and the Grenadines maintains close relations with Cuba, which provides a number of scholarship and other exchange programs for Vincentians, particularly in the field of healthcare.

 Cyprus 2006
 Denmark

Denmark is represented in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines by its embassy in Mexico City and an honorary consulate in Kingstown.[25]

 Dominica

Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations, of the Organization of American States and of the Caribbean Community.

 Finland 1976-01-30
  • Finland is represented in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines through a roving ambassador.[26]
  • Finland has an honorary consulate in Kingstown.[27]
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is represented in Finland through its embassy in London.[28]
 Grenada

Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations, of the Organization of American States and of the Caribbean Community.

 Guyana
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on October 27, 1979.[29]
  • Both countries are members of CARICOM.
 Haiti

As a member of CARICOM, St. Vincent and the Grenadines strongly backed efforts by the United States to implement UN Security Council Resolution 940, designed to facilitate the departure of Haiti's de facto authorities from power. Saint Vincent agreed to contribute personnel to the multinational force, which restored the democratically elected government of Haiti in October 1994.

 Iceland 2004
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 27, 2004.[30]
  • Iceland is represented in Saint-Vincent-and-the-Grenadines by its Mission to the United Nations in New York City, United States.[31]
 Ireland 2013

Ireland is represented in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines through its embassy in Washington DC, United States.[32][33]

 India See India–Saint Vincent and the Grenadines relations
 Maldives 2003
 Marshall Islands 1993

Both countries established diplomatic relations on January 28, 1993.[35]

 Malta 2004
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 10, 2004.[36]
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
 Mexico July 31, 1990 See Mexico–Saint Vincent and the Grenadines relations
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines does not have an embassy accredited to Mexico.
  • Mexico is accredited to Saint Vincent and the Grenadines from its embassy in Castries, Saint Lucia and maintains an honorary consulate in Kingstown.[37]
 New Zealand
 Panama 2006
 Solomon Islands 2011-05-04
 South Africa 1995
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on September 1, 1995.[43]
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
 South Korea 1979-10-28

The establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines began on October 28, 1979.[44]

The Republic of Korea is represented in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines by its embassy in Trinidad and Tobago.

 Spain 1986 See Saint Vincent and the Grenadines–Spain relations
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1986.
 Suriname

Both countries are full members of the Organization of American States and of the Caribbean Community.

  Switzerland 1985

Both countries established consular relations in 1985 and diplomatic relations in 2001.[45]

 Trinidad and Tobago
 Turkey July 27, 2004[46] See Saint Vincent and the Grenadines–Turkey relations
 Uganda 2004-07-27
 United Kingdom See Saint Vincent and the Grenadines–United Kingdom relations
 United States See Saint Vincent and the Grenadines–United States relations
 Venezuela

Saint Vincent protests Venezuela's claim to give full effect to Aves (Bird) Island, which creates a Venezuelan EEZ/continental shelf extending over a large portion of the Caribbean Sea.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Smallest State to Ever Lead the UN Security Council: St. Vincent and the Grenadines". November 2, 2020.
  2. ^ "Diplomatic and Consular List" (PDF). pp. 104–112. Retrieved July 11, 2023.
  3. ^ "Countries with which Guyana has Establishment Diplomatic Relations" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 7, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  4. ^ "List of countries with which Saint Lucia has established Diplomatic Relations" (PDF). Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  5. ^ "SÃO VICENTE E GRANADINAS" (in Portuguese). p. 15. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  6. ^ "Israel's Diplomatic Missions Abroad: Status of relations". Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  7. ^ "Lisete Chronologique des Ambassadeurs, Envoyés Extraordinaires, Ministres Plénipotentiaires et Chargés D'Affaires de France à L'Étranger Depuis 1945" (PDF) (in French): 94. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. ^ "Diplomatic Relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Saint Kitts and Nevis. Retrieved April 1, 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Diplomatic relations between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and ..." United Nations Digital Library. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  10. ^ "Diplomatic Relations Register (4)". January 24, 2014. Retrieved November 21, 2023.
  11. ^ "Russia – St.Vincent and the Grenadines". Archived from the original on August 26, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2023.
  12. ^ a b "SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES - DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAR LIST" (PDF). April 2018. p. 9. Retrieved July 11, 2023.
  13. ^ "In April 30, 2015 His Excellency Cenio Lewis, High Commissioner of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to the United Kingdom presented Letters of Credence to His Excellency Michael D. Huggins..." Facebook. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Commerce. Archived from the original on February 26, 2022. Retrieved October 31, 2020.
  14. ^ "Ratifica dell'Accordo tra la Repubblica di San Marino e Saint Vincent e Grenadine sullo stabilimento delle relazioni diplomatiche" (in Italian). Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  15. ^ "Establishment of Formal Diplomatic Relations Between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and the Republic of Kenya". August 13, 2020. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  16. ^ "Joint Communique On The Establishment Diplomatic Relations Between The Republic Of The Saint Vincent And The Grenadines And The Republic Of Burundi" (PDF). Retrieved July 11, 2023.
  17. ^ "Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Accredited New Ambassador of the Republic of Angola". April 4, 2022. Retrieved July 11, 2023.
  18. ^ "Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and The Republic of Sierra Leone have officially established diplomatic relations as of April 12, 2023". SVG Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Foreign Trade. Retrieved May 1, 2023.
  19. ^ a b "Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade, and Regional Integration - Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade, and Regional Integration".
  20. ^ "Saint Vincent and the Grenadines".
  21. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 30, 2017. Retrieved August 13, 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "Canada – St. Vincent and the Grenadines Relations". Archived from the original on September 10, 2017. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
  23. ^ "St. Vincent & the Grenadines and the Republic of China on Taiwan Signs Agreement".
  24. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 13, 2017. Retrieved August 13, 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ "Danmark i Saint Vincent og Grenadinerne". Archived from the original on December 25, 2018. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
  26. ^ "Roving ambassadors".
  27. ^ "Honorary Consulate of Finland, Kingstown".
  28. ^ "Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, London".
  29. ^ [ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 14, 2015. Retrieved February 24, 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)]
  30. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade, and Regional Integration - Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade, and Regional Integration".
  31. ^ "Government of Iceland | About the Mission".
  32. ^ "Saint Vincent & Grenadines - Department of Foreign Affairs".
  33. ^ "Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Department of Foreign Affairs".
  34. ^ "List of the Countries with which the Republic of Maldives has established Diplomatic Relations with Dates". Archived from the original on April 3, 2019. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
  35. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on January 25, 2017. Retrieved August 13, 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  36. ^ "Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Joint communique on the establishment of the diplomatic relations between Malta and saint vincent and the grenadines". Archived from the original on August 13, 2017. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
  37. ^ "Embassy of Mexico in Jamaica".
  38. ^ "Caribbean | New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Archived from the original on September 23, 2019. Retrieved September 23, 2019.
  39. ^ "New Zealand High Commission | New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Archived from the original on February 26, 2021. Retrieved September 23, 2019.
  40. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 2, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  41. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade, and Regional Integration - Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade, and Regional Integration".
  42. ^ "St. Vincent establishes diplomatic ties with Moldova, Serbia, Solomon Islands". June 24, 2011.
  43. ^ "Saint Vincent and the Grenadines".
  44. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Korea". www.mofa.go.kr. Archived from the original on January 22, 2014.
  45. ^ "Bilateral relations Switzerland–St. Vincent and the Grenadines".
  46. ^ "Relations Between Turkey and St. Vincent and Grenadines". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey.
  47. ^ a b "Relations between Turkey and St. Vincent and Grenadines".
  48. ^ "Home - Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade, and Regional Integration".